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What is the best sewing thread on the market?
Sewing thread is the central point of a sewing project and should one of the first
things you purchase every time you start a new garment. The match of thread to the
cloth that you are working with is essential as this is what you see on the outside
of the fabric. There are various companies that produce thread for the sewing industry
including traditional sewing thread, embroidery thread and quilting thread. The most
popular for the domestic sewing market is a company called Gutermann. Gutermann threads
are known for there quality and strength as well as a huge range of colours.
There are various sewing threads used for different applications within your chosen
sewing project. Threads are used to form the stitches that hold the fabric parts
together. They can be described by fibre type, construction and size. Threads can
be made from a singular fibre type such as cotton, linen, silk, rayon, polyester
or rubber or from a combination of fibres such as a cotton and polyester mix.
The most common natural fibre used for threads are cotton threads, they have excellent
sew ability with little kinking or skip stitching, (Gutermann specialize in cotton
threads). They are rarely affected by hot needles, a common element of high speed
sewing machines and even sew well on poorly adjusted machines. Cotton threads dye
well and since they mould to the fabric better than other fibres they are particularly
attractive to top-stitched garments. Compared to synthetic threads there strength
and resistance to abrasion is inferior and they shrink and mildew when wet. Cotton
threads are produced with three finishes: soft, glace and mercerised. Soft finish
threads receive no additional processing except bleaching and dyeing. Used on inexpensive
garments, they are relatively inexpensive with good sew ability but because they
have a high shrinkage, seam puckering is frequently a problem after washing.
Glace threads are treated with wax and special chemicals for a hard, glossy finish.
They are stronger, more resistant to abrasion and stiffer than other cotton threads.
They are available in a limited colour selection and used for gathering and for sewing
heavy materials such as leather, vinyl and canvas.
Mercerised threads are treated with a caustic solution to create a smooth, strong,
lustrous thread. They are frequently used on cotton garments that will be dyed. Linen
and silk threads are rarely used in the industry because of there high cost.
Synthetic threads. The most common synthetic threads are polyester and nylon which
were developed to perform well on synthetic fabrics and withstand the chemicals and
heat of durable press treatments. Compared to cotton threads of the same size, they
are stronger and more resistant to abrasion, mildew and ultra violet radiation and
have less shrinkage.
Combination fibres are one of the most common threads in use today. These threads
are a combination of cotton and polyester, which combines the sew ability of cotton
with polyesters strength and resistance to abrasion.
Although there are a variety of thread constructions, most threads used in today's
garments are twisted, core spun, monofilament or textured.